Few public figures in American history have evoked such extreme reaction as Richard Nixon. Ironically, the same man who spent 20 years fighting Communists at home also forged the eventual reconciliation with Red China and the Soviet Union. Nixon's career began with a modest law practice, followed by a stint with the Navy during WWII, which ended when he was elected a freshman Congressman from California (R). The turning point in Nixon's political career came with the capture of Alger Hiss, the president of the Carnegie Foundation. He was then elected U.S. Senator, and served as Vice President under President Eisenhower. Nixon almost abandoned politics when he lost his presidential bid to John F. Kennedy in 1960, but started anew and was elected President eight years later. Although the first half of President Nixon's incumbency was undistinguishable, his sudden announcement of a series of actions transformed the orientation of American diplomacy. He opened negotiations with the Chinese High Command and struck strategic alliances with the Kremlin. Within a few months, Nixon had transformed the geopolitical balance in Europe, Asia and the Western hemisphere. In the domestic economy, he established boards to manage wages and prices in the effort to control inflation, and issued taxes on imports to curb the mounting deficit. Nixon's active first-term record contributed to his reelection in 1972.
1 VHS use copy [In Sachar Personal Papers, Box 23]
2 U-Matic copies [In Sachar Personal Papers, Box 30]