In the Belgian Congo, longstanding tribal conflict was exacerbated by the Belgian policy of denying governmental training to the country's natives. The problem was further reinforced by the Cold War nations' determination to protect their foreign investments. The Congo's political fragmentation ultimately devolved into violence, leading to the emergence of two nationalists, Joseph Kasavubu and Patrice Lumumba. Kasavubu and Lumumba created a coalition government, which proved to be an unsuccessful alliance. Under the leadership of Dag Hammarskjöld, the United Nations succeeded in preventing the newly created state from disintegrating. Following a five- year civil war, the Commander of the Army, Joseph Mbutu, pledged to free his country from foreign domination. By 1967, the country's protracted strife had ended.
1 VHS use copy [In Course of Our Times Collection, Box 2]
1 U-Matic copy [In Sachar Personal Papers, Box 29]